04869-15 Mumbuluma v Essex Chronicle

    • Date complaint received

      11th November 2015

    • Outcome

      No breach - after investigation

    • Code provisions

      12 Discrimination, 4 Intrusion into grief or shock

Decision of the Complaints Committee 04869-15 Mumbuluma v Essex Chronicle

Summary of complaint 

1. Loveday Mumbuluma complained to the Independent Press Standards Organisation that the Essex Chronicle breached Clause 4 (Harassment) and Clause 12 (Discrimination) of the Editors’ Code of Practice in an article headlined “’Man punched teen to silence her during rape’”, published on 4 June 2015. It was published online with the headline “Zambian clubber ‘punched rape victim to shut her up’ in Chelmsford Cathedral alleyway”. 

2. The article reported that the complainant was on trial accused of rape; he was later found not guilty. 

3. The complainant said that the newspaper’s photographer had refused to leave the vicinity of the court after his father told the photographer that his son did not want his photograph taken; the complainant was still inside the courthouse at this time. He said that the published article had included a photograph of him, without his permission. The complainant was concerned that this was a breach of Clause 4. 

4. The complainant also said that the reference to him being Zambian was discriminatory, in breach of Clause 12. He said that he was a British citizen. The complainant was also concerned that he had been described as a “man” accused of raping a “teenager”. Both individuals were 19 at the time of the incident, and this should have been made clear in the report. 

5. The newspaper said that its photographer had explained to the complainant’s father that he was in a public place and was entitled to take a photograph, and then waited for a few minutes for the complainant to emerge. When he did not, the photographer left without a photograph. The photograph which accompanied the article was a file image. 

6. The newspaper said that the complainant lived in Zambia until he was seven years old, and played for the country’s youth football team. The newspaper considered that it had been fair to describe him as “Zambian”, even if he does hold a British passport. It believed that his connection to Zambia was newsworthy, and noted that it had reported his selection for the squad in 2011, in a story headlined “Shock Zambia call for City’s Loveday.” It had covered the trial through to its conclusion, and had published a prominent story headlined “Zambian soccer star cleared of raping teenager near cathedral”. Another headline during the trial had referred to him as an “ex-Zambia U20 football player”. The reference to the complainant being “Zambian” was relevant to the story and was not discriminatory. The newspaper also said that when someone is 19 years of age the terms “man” and “teenager” are interchangeable. 

Relevant Code Provisions

7. Clause 4 (Harassment) 

i) Journalists must not engage in intimidation, harassment or persistent pursuit. 

ii) They must not persist in questioning, telephoning, pursuing or photographing individuals once asked to desist; nor remain on their property when asked to leave and must not follow them. If requested, they must identify themselves and whom they represent. 

Clause 12 (Discrimination) 

i) The press must avoid prejudicial or pejorative reference to an individual’s race, colour, religion, gender, sexual orientation or to any physical or mental illness or disability. 

ii) Details of an individual’s race, colour, religion, sexual orientation, physical or mental illness or disability must be avoided unless genuinely relevant to the story. 

Findings of the Committee

8. The area outside the court was a public place, and the newspaper was entitled to take photographs there, so long as in doing so it did not breach any of the clauses of the Editors’ Code. No photographs had been taken of the complainant, as the photographer had left before the complainant had exited the courthouse. In these circumstances, there was no harassment or persistent pursuit of the complainant, and no breach of Clause 4. 

9. The concern that the newspaper had published a file photograph of the complainant without his consent did not engage the terms of Clause 4. 

10. The Committee noted that the complainant had played international football for Zambia, and had been the subject of previous coverage in relation to this. The article under complaint had made clear that the complainant was resident in the UK and had “had a call-up to the Zambia U20 squad”. Further, the coverage of the trial as a whole had made clear the basis for referring to the complainant as “Zambian”. While the Committee understood the complainant’s concern about the reference, it concluded that, in this context, the reference to the complainant’s Zambian connection was newsworthy, and did not constitute an irrelevant reference to his race. The article did not discriminate against the complainant, nor was the reference complained of inaccurate in this context. Further, the concern that the article had not made clear that both the accused man and the alleged victim had been the same age would not engage the terms of Clause 12. There was no breach of the Code. 


11. The complaint was not upheld. 

Remedial Action Required


Date complaint received: 05/08/2015

Date decision issued: 11/11/2015